Table 2 Learning effects from the baseline test on day 1 (BL) to the retention tests on day 2 (RE2) and day 3 (RE3) between and within groups.
VariableInteraction and between group effectsWithin experimental groupWithin control group
Group(2)*Test(3) groupPEmbedded ImageMain effect post hocPEmbedded ImageMain effect post hocPEmbedded Image
Spatial error at catchF1.40,19.57 = 0.02
F1,14 = 0.08
0.943
0.782
0.002
0.006
F2,14 = 0.610.5590.080F2,14 = 0.860.4440.110
Spatial error recovery phaseF1.33,18.61 = 0.45
F1,14 = 0.00
0.566
0.992
0.031
0.000
F2,14 = 10.79
BL–RE2
BL-RE3
0.001
0.019
0.069
0.606F1.23,8.57 = 2.700.1340.278
Spatial error drive phaseF2,28 = 1.56
F1,14 = 0.69
0.228
0.421
0.100
0.047
F2,14 = 7.07
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
0.008
0.045
0.116
0.502F2,14 = 0.880.4380.111
Spatial error at releaseF1.41,19.76 = 1.06
F1,14 = 0.01
0.341
0.943
0.071
0.000
F2,14 = 21.57
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
<0.001
0.006
0.004
0.755F2,14 = 4.01
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
0.042
0.223
0.215
0.364
Velocity error entire cycleF2,28 = 2.52
F1,14 = 0.09
0.099
0.768
0.152
0.006
F2,14 = 23.18
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
<0.001
0.003
0.004
0.768F2,14 = 10.16
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
0.002
0.122
0.005
0.592
Spatial error entire cycleF1.405,19.67 = 0.54
F1,14 = 0.07
0.532
0.801
0.037
0.005
F2,14 = 6.78
BL-RE2
BL-RE3
0.009
0.031
0.196
0.492F1.12,7.86 = 1.990.1990.221