Table 5 Diversified locomotion for future space robots (4).

Robotic platformRobotic locomotion
Land surface- Wheeled rover
- Tracked rover
- Legged rover
- Rolling (e.g., ball or sphere) rover
- Hopper
- Hovercraft
Airborne- Quadcopter, helicopter, or ornithopter
- Plane or glider
- Balloon, montgolfier, aerobot
Subsurface- Drill (e.g., ice drilling or melting, rotary drilling, percussive drilling, dual reciprocating drilling)
- Submarine, submersible
Manipulation- Arm
- Hand, gripper
- Sampler (e.g., corer, scoop)
Water surface- Vertical profiling float
- Boat, ship