Table 3 Medium-term space robotic missions in the pipeline.

Launch yearMissionCountryTargetRoverArmSamplerDrill
2017Chang’E 5ChinaMoonxxxx
2018Chandrayaan 2IndiaMoonx
2018 (to arrive)OSIRIS-REx
Sample Return
United StatesNEAxx
2018InSightUnited StatesMarsxxx
2018Chang’E 4ChinaMoon (farside)x
2019SLIMJapanMoonxxxx
2020Mars 2020United StatesMars
2020ExoMars 2020EuropeMarsxxx
2020+Chinese Space
Station
ChinaEarth’s orbitx
2025Phobos sample
return
Europe and RussiaPhobosxx