Table 1 Successfully flown robots on Earth’s orbit, the Moon, Mars, and small bodies as of 2016.

Launch yearMission nameCountryTargetRoverArmSamplerDrill
1967Surveyor 3United StatesMoonx
1970/1972/1976Luna 16/20/24Soviet UnionMoonxxx
1970/1973Luna 17/21Soviet UnionMoonx
1975VikingUnited StatesMarsxx
1981/2001/2008Canadarm1/2/DextreCanadaISSx
1993RotexGermanyEarth’s orbitx
1996MPFUnited StatesMarsx
1997ETS-VIIJapanEarth’s orbitx
2003HayabusaJapanAsteroidx
2003MERsUnited StatesMarsxxx
2004ROKVISSGermanyISSx
2007Orbital ExpressUnited StatesEarth’s orbitx
2008JEMRMSJapanISSx
2008PhoenixUnited StatesMarsxx
2012RobonautUnited StatesISSx
2011MSLUnited StatesMarsxxx
2013Chang’E 3ChinaMoonx
2004 (arrived in 2014)RosettaEuropeCometxxx
2016Aolong-1ChinaEarth’s orbitx