Science Robotics

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Note S1. Reduced-order model for numerical simulation.
  • Note S2. Curvature estimation of a single composite beam.
  • Fig. S1. Fabrication of the LCE strips.
  • Fig. S2. Experimental setup for characterization of the actuation behavior of the LCE strips.
  • Fig. S3. Mechanical testing of the LCE strips.
  • Fig. S4. Characterization of the buckling and post-buckling behavior of the passive ribbons.
  • Fig. S5. Derivation of the curvature of the composite beams.
  • Fig. S6. Numerical demonstration of geometries obtained by controlling each LCE segment independently.
  • Fig. S7. A robotic surface with denser mesh grid transforms into various shapes.
  • Fig. S8. Fabrication of the heating coils.
  • Fig. S9. The reduced-order model for simplified simulation of the robotic surface.
  • References (5860)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4). Continuous shape morphing of the robotic surface.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4). Object manipulation.
  • Movie S3 (.mp4). Weight lifting.
  • Movie S4 (.mp4). Numerical simulations using the reduced-order model.

Files in this Data Supplement: