Science Robotics

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Temperature dependence of mechanical properties
  • Section S2. Gel fraction analysis
  • Section S3. UV-visible spectroscopy
  • Section S4. Photo-differential scanning calorimetry (photo-DSC)
  • Section S5. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)
  • Section S6. Physical property measurement system (PPMS)
  • Section S7. Heat transfer test in high and low surface area
  • Section S8. Modeling of heat capacity in finger-like actuators
  • Section S9. Thermal manipulation of hot objects
  • Fig. S1. 3D-printed actuator.
  • Fig. S2. Hydrogel ink characterization.
  • Fig. S3. 3D-printed material characterization.
  • Fig. S4. Thermal property characterization.
  • Fig. S5. Swelling and bending tests.
  • Fig. S6. Experimental setup for testing bending, sweating, and grasping.
  • Fig. S7. Effect of heat transfer rate with high and low surface area hydrogel actuator.
  • Fig. S8. Sweating and grasping tests with different types of hot objects.
  • Legends for movies S1 to S5

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

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