Science Robotics

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Fig. S1. Schematic representation for synthesis of Ti3C2Tx and morphological images.
  • Fig. S2. Ionically cross-linked MXene-PP electrode.
  • Fig. S3. FTIR spectra of all MXene materials.
  • Fig. S4. Chemical and structural characterization of all AWIS actuator electrodes.
  • Fig. S5. Fabrication of actuators and electrochemical CV results.
  • Fig. S6. Actuation performance of neat Ti3C2Tx MXene–based ionic soft actuator under various input voltages at a frequency of 0.1 Hz.
  • Fig. S7. Actuation performances of T1PP2 and T1PP4 AWIS actuators.
  • Fig. S8. Comparison graph for power consumption–strain dependency of MXene-based actuator compared with other soft actuators.
  • Fig. S9. Durability results of all actuators.
  • Table S1. Mechanical properties of PP, T1PP4, and T1PP2 electrodes.
  • Table S2. Comparison of blocking force for ionic soft actuators.
  • Table S3. Comparison of bending strain for ionic soft actuators.
  • References (4952)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Kinetic art demonstration of origami-inspired narcissus flower robot.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Kinetic art demonstration of dancing butterfly robots .
  • Movie S3 (.mp4 format). Kinetic art demonstration of dancing leaves.

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