Science Robotics

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Materials and Methods
  • Discussion
  • Fig. S1. Optimization of concentrations of NPs and enzymes and application/biological functions of NPs with catalysis.
  • Fig. S2. Characterization of NPs in model solution.
  • Fig. S3. Biohybrid CAR formed from bio-inorganic superstructure.
  • Fig. S4. Biohybrid CAR assembly and biofilm removal.
  • Fig. S5. Viability of bacterial cells in biofilms after CAR treatment.
  • Fig. S6. Biofilm removal using biohybrid Feraheme (ferumoxytol) CARs.
  • Fig. S7. Catalytic activity of 3D molded CARs.
  • Fig. S8. Vane-like CARs for cleaning the curved surfaces of glass tubes.
  • Fig. S9. Characterization of response of helicoid robot to various conditions.
  • Fig. S10. Assessment of biofilm removal using 3D molded CARs with and without catalytic activity.
  • Legends for movies S1 and S2

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Application of controlled movement of focused CARs for precision removal of biofilms from surface (Fig. 4F).
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Application of helicoid CARs for removal of biofilms from the curved surfaces of glass tubes (Fig. 5G).

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