Science Robotics

Supplementary Materials

The PDF file includes:

  • Section S1. Experimental setup
  • Section S2. Calculation of the pair correlation function
  • Section S3. Hydrodynamic coupling in chain
  • Section S4. Motion trajectories of a quat-microrobot chain
  • Section S5. Giant number fluctuations in vortices
  • Section S6. Velocity field of a vortex
  • Section S7. Merging process of a giant vortex
  • Section S8. Closed-loop controller for swarm locomotion
  • Section S9. Simulation results of a microrobot that interacts with the microfluidics wall
  • Fig. S1. Experimental setup system.
  • Fig. S2. Calculation of the pair correlation function.
  • Fig. S3. Simulation of hydrodynamic coupling in chain.
  • Fig. S4. Motion trajectory simulation.
  • Fig. S5. Magnitude of the velocity fields.
  • Fig. S6. State of the vortex.
  • Fig. S7. Merging process of a giant vortex.
  • Fig. S8. Closed-loop controller.
  • Fig. S9. Microfluidics simulation results of a rotating peanut-shaped particle.
  • Reference (49)

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Other Supplementary Material for this manuscript includes the following:

  • Movie S1 (.mp4 format). Four swarm formations of microrobots.
  • Movie S2 (.mp4 format). Generation and motion trajectory simulation of the chain.
  • Movie S3 (.mp4 format). Generation and chirality switch of the vortex.
  • Movie S4 (.mp4 format). Vortex merging.
  • Movie S5 (.mp4 format). Generation of a giant vortex.
  • Movie S6 (.mp4 format). Generation and the flow field of a ribbon.
  • Movie S7 (.mp4 format). Transformations of the chain from the other three formations.
  • Movie S8 (.mp4 format). Transformations of the ribbon from the other three formations.
  • Movie S9 (.mp4 format). Transformations of the vortex from the other three formations.
  • Movie S10 (.mp4 format). Transformations of the liquid from the other three formations.
  • Movie S11 (.mp4 format). Swarm locomotion.
  • Movie S12 (.mp4 format). Environmental adaptability.
  • Movie S13 (.mp4 format). Collective manipulation.

Files in this Data Supplement: