Research ArticleSOFT ROBOTS

Fast and programmable locomotion of hydrogel-metal hybrids under light and magnetic fields

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Science Robotics  09 Dec 2020:
Vol. 5, Issue 49, eabb9822
DOI: 10.1126/scirobotics.abb9822

Article Information

vol. 5 no. 49

Published By: 
History: 
  • Received March 31, 2020
  • Accepted November 12, 2020
  • .

Author Information

  1. Chuang Li1,*,
  2. Garrett C. Lau1,2,*,
  3. Hang Yuan1,3,*,
  4. Aaveg Aggarwal1,2,
  5. Victor Lopez Dominguez4,
  6. Shuangping Liu1,2,
  7. Hiroaki Sai1,
  8. Liam C. Palmer1,5,10,
  9. Nicholas A. Sather2,
  10. Tyler J. Pearson1,5,
  11. Danna E. Freedman1,5,
  12. Pedram Khalili Amiri4,
  13. Monica Olvera de la Cruz1,2,5,6,7, and
  14. Samuel I. Stupp1,2,5,8,9,10,
  1. 1Center for Bio-inspired Energy Science, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  2. 2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, 2220 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  3. 3Graduate Program in Applied Physics, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  4. 4Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  5. 5Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  6. 6Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  7. 7Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  8. 8Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  9. 9Department of Medicine, Northwestern University, 676 N St. Clair Street, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
  10. 10Simpson Querrey Institute, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.
  1. Corresponding author. Email: m-olvera{at}northwestern.edu (M.O.d.l.C.); s-stupp{at}northwestern.edu (S.I.S.)
  1. * These authors contributed equally to this work.

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